A niche blog dedicated to the issues that arise when supplementary protection certificates (SPCs) extend patents beyond their normal life -- and to the respective positions of patent owners, investors, competitors and consumers. The blog also addresses wider issues that may be of interest or use to those involved in the extension of patent rights. You can email The SPC Blog here

Thursday 2 February 2012

Court of Justice rulings and combination products: an article

Volume 12, Issue 2 of Lawtext Publishing's Bio-Science Law Review contains an article from Mike Snodin, John Miles and Michael Pears (all of Potter Clarkson’s SPC & Regulatory Group) entitled “Supplementary protection certificates: The CJEU issues its decision in two seminal cases”. This article discusses the Medeva (C-322/10) and Georgetown et al. (C-422/10) decisions, as well as the three further cases decided by reasoned order (Yeda, Daiichi and Queensland). In the article, Mike, John and Michael conclude that likely consequences of the Medeva and Georgetown et al. decisions in the short to medium term will include:
“• National courts will invalidate SPCs to combination products that have been granted on the basis of the ‘infringement test’ but where the active ingredient(s) are not specified in the wording of the claims of the basic patent. 
• More SPC applications will be filed in which the product is defined as one or more (but not all) of the active ingredients present in the authorised medicinal product. 
• Subject to confirmation in Case C-442/11 of the Court of Justice’s comments on point (C) above, national courts will enforce SPCs to single active ingredients against the manufacturers of generic versions of combination products containing a protected active. 
• Generic manufacturers will delay launch of combination products until SPCs to the individual actives have expired (or have been invalidated). 
Further, although it is a point of view that may not be shared by all practitioners, the authors believe that the decisions may not lead to any changes in established practices with regard to the numbers of SPCs granted for basic patents that protect more than one product.”
In relation to the latter issue, the article points to the similarity in wording between the Biogen decision and the Medeva and Georgetown et al. decisions in respect of comments on the number of SPCs that may be granted for each basic patent, and questions whether any change to the status quo was really intended by the Court of Justice on this issue.

The article also discusses possible longer term implications of the decisions, and suggests that further judicial interpretation will be required in order to clarify what is meant by “specified (or identified) in the wording of the claims” - particularly in connection with patent applications that can be argued to “specify” both a novel active ingredient (A) and the combination of that active with another, specific active ingredient (i.e. A+B).

Mike, John and Michael conclude the article by saying:
“Putting aside the issues where there is a need for further clarification, the Medeva and Georgetown et al. decisions should be welcomed by the pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries as representing a carefully balanced approach that rewards genuine innovation with an appropriate degree of protection.”
The points mentioned above are all explained in more detail in the article.

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